Women fighting for Polish independence – Video 6′
Polish women fought for Poland’s independence including in the battle of Monte Cassino which was won by the Allies in 1944. Find out more about brave Polish women fighting for Polish independence throughout history.
Poland’s underground state – 6’
The Polish Underground State (Polish: Polskie Państwo Podziemne, also known as the Polish Secret State) is a collective term for the underground resistance organizations in Poland during World War II, both military and civilian, that were loyal to the Government of the Republic of Poland in exile in London. The first elements of the Underground State were established in the final days of the German invasion of Poland that began in September 1939 (source: Wikipedia).
The Noblemen’s Democracy of Poland and Lithuania – 6′
Golden Liberty (Latin: Aurea Libertas; Polish: Złota Wolność, Lithuanian: Auksinė laisvė), sometimes referred to as Golden Freedoms, Nobles’ Democracy or Nobles’ Commonwealth (Polish: Rzeczpospolita Szlachecka or Złota wolność szlachecka, Latin: aureă lībertās) was a unique political system in the Kingdom of Poland and, after the Union of Lublin (1569), in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. Under that system, all nobles (szlachta), regardless of rank or economic status, were considered to have equal legal status and enjoyed extensive legal rights and privileges. The nobility controlled the legislature (the Sejm — the Polish parliament) and the Commonwealth’s elected king (source: Wikipedia).
The Polish-Lithuanian Union 1385-1795 – 6′
The Polish-Lithuanian union lasted over 400 years. In 1619 the Polish-Lithuanian state was the second biggest country in Europe. During the battle of Grunwald in July 1410 the combined power of Poland and Lithuania crashed the might of Teutonic Order – find out more about interesting facts from Polish history.
Tolerance in the Rzeczpospolita – 6′
In the Rzeczpospolita all religious faiths were proclaimed equal 25 years earlier than France’s edict of Nantes of 1598. Warsaw Confederation Act of 1573 for freedom of religion was added to UNESCO Memory of the World Programme.
(Polish Cultural Institute)